Bach on the Paris Metro:

  1. Name, and date, the first permanent court orchestra in France (name in English, or preferably in French).
  2. Who was the most important composer in France in 17thc.?
    • From where did he originate? And which       playwright did he often collaborate with?
    • Briefly describe the plot of the  ‘Le Bourgeois gentilhomme’.
  3. Which composer and musical instrument were featured in the French movie ‘Tous les matins du monde?’
    • Describe how that instrument differs from instruments of the violin family.
  4. Name four of the most well known dances in an instrumental suite, and briefly describe their origins?
  5. Corelli’s ‘trio-sonata form’ was introduced to France from Italy by __________________________.
    • What is a trio-sonata ?
  6. Who was the predominant composer in France in the 18thc. – best known for his operas?
    • In his satirical novel Le Neveu de ___________,  the French philosopher, art critic, author, and chief             editor of the Encyclopédie, Denis Diderot, described (this composer) as: “…a monomaniac consumed             by his passion for music…his heart and soul were in his harpsichord; once he had shut its lid, there was             no one home”. According to Diderot _______________ was: “tall and exceptionally thin. He had a loud             voice, although his speech was difficult to understand, as was his handwriting. As a man, he was             secretive, solitary, irritable, proud of his own achievements, brusque with those who contradicted him,             and quick to anger”. Never-the-less, Diderot admired him as a composer.
    • Briefly describe the plot of this composer’s first (but sadly misogynistic) comic opera Platée, 1745.
  7. From the latter part of the 17thc, until 1789, the French court took place in ________________________ ?
    • A distance of how many miles/kilometers from Paris?
    • Who was responsible for the extensive landscaping surrounding the palace?
  8. What language was spoken in the majority of the royal courts in Europe, and in the Russian court, in the 18thc, and why?
  9. What name is given to an emulsion of oil, egg yolk, and acid? Its French origins are hotly disputed.
  10. The first documented observation of the movement of a solvent across a semipermeable membrane
    toward a higher concentration of solute (lower concentration of solvent)  was made by the French. physicist Jean-Antoine Nollet in 1748. In biological systems, the solvent is typically water. By what
    name is this process known?

    • Nollet, also known by his title as a priest – Abbé Nollet, was the first professor of experimental
      physics at the University of Paris, director of the French Académie des sciences, a member of the Royal Society, London, and author of Leçons de physique expérimentale and L’Art des expériences.
    • Among his many other discoveries, he determined that the pitch of sound is not altered by                 transmission through water, and that fish are able to detect the vibrations. Goldfish, for example, can ‘hear’ up to 4Khz, with best hearing between 500Hz – 800Hz.
    • Violin strings (modern pitch): e – 659.3Hz, A – 440Hz (415Hz – baroque pitch), D – 293.7Hz,              G – 196Hz. The lowest string on a double bass (EE) is 41.2Hz (38.9Hz – baroque pitch).

-Richard Webb