Over the coming months there will be four blog posts for each city on the Davis High School Baroque Ensemble’s 2020 England-France Tour tour: Place of Interest; Concert Venue; Music; History of the city. This week’s post, the eleventh of the series, is on Franco-Flemish Renaissance Music in Bruges.
The heyday of Bruges was the 15th century, both in art and music. Flanders had few painters of composers during the Baroque period, and even fewer baroque buildings. ‘Belgium’ came into being as a country in 1831, made up of the Flemish-speaking Flanders in the north, and French-speaking Wallonia to the south – so for the purposes of this blog there are no ‘Belgian’ composers or artists.
Music – Franco-Flemish music from mid 15th century.
Josquin des Prez:
Orlande de Lassus:
Art – Flemish artists from the 15th century include Jan van Eyck, Hans Memling, and Roger van der Weyden.
Music – Franco-Flemish composers in the Baroque period include:
Jean Baptiste Loeillet of London, cousin of JBL of Ghent, was successful as a player and teacher of the harpsichord, also born in Ghent. He played woodwind in the Queen’s Theatre in the Haymarket, London, and held musical gatherings every week at his home. His works were published in London under the name of John Loeillet. His performances were well received; and he was responsible for introducing Corelli’s 12 Concerto Grossi to Londoners.
Joseph dall’Abaco cellist and composer was born in Brussels, and worked primarily in Italy. He wrote some 40 cello sonatas and the 11 Capricci for Violoncello Solo, and other works. Many of his compositions were written in Baroque style despite himself living a very long life well into the Classical era of Haydn and Mozart:
Bruno Cocset - "Capriccio 1 - Joseph Marie Clément Dall'Abaco"Vidéo du disque "Dall'Abaco - Padre e figlio - 11 Capricci & altri canzoni " par Bruno Cocset & Les Basses Réunies
Extrait : Capriccio 1 - Joseph Marie Clément Dall'Abaco
Parution chez agOgique le 9 avril 2013
Distribution Harmonia Mundi
Réalisation, montage, images et son : Alessandra Galleron
Photographie de la rosace brute : Charles Riché
Jean-Joseph Fiocco was born in Brussels, and is well known for a single piece – ‘Allegro’, for solo violin (Suzuki, Book 6):
Allegro (J.H Fiocco - composer)Feb 27, 2011 Preucil School of Music
37 th Annual String Concert
IMU - University of Iowa
Iowa City, USA
Joseph-Hector Fiocco (20 January 1703 -- 21 June 1741), born in Brussels, was a Flemish (Belgian) composer and violinist of the high and late Baroque period.
His father, the Italian composer Pietro Antonio Fiocco, and one his older brothers (he had 14 siblings, including the composer and choirmaster Jean-Joseph) were responsible for his musical education. He was also a professor of Greek and Latin. He worked as a musician in the cathedral at Antwerp, where he was in charge of the music for the services. In 1737 he returned to Brussels and worked in the Church of St. Gudule. He died in Brussels at age 38.
Some of his most famous works are Lamentations Du Jeudi Saint, Missa Solemnis and Pièces de Clavecin. His two suites for harpsichord were dedicated to the Duke of Arenberg, and they incorporate French and Italian styles. The first suite begins in the style of Couperin and ends with four Italian-style movements: adagio, allegro, andante and vivace. He is also known to Suzuki violin students for his Allegro, which is part of the Book 6 Suzuki violin repertoire. This piece has also been arranged for string quartet, and is often played at weddings. He wrote many religious vocal works, including motets and masses.
Art – Franco-Flemish Artists in the Baroque Period
While there were few composers in Flanders during the Baroque period, there were a large number of artists – the most well known 17th century artists are: Jan Brueghel the Younger, Anthony van Dyck, Peter Paul Rubens, and David Teniers the Younger.
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